Camster Round is located for a reasonably flat terrace, while Camster longer occupies a ridge towards the NNW. The surrounding landscape is fairly enclosed, with greater ground on all edges, and restricted views. None regarding the primary topographic top features of the Caithness landscape are demonstrably seen because of these web internet sites, with just the top of Spittal Hill visible from the north forecourt regarding the long cairn. The small Camster Burn flows northwards up its narrow valley, and is visible from both sites to the east of the cairns. But, somewhat towards the south associated with the cairns, nevertheless now blocked from view by a forestry that is modern, may be the confluence of a few tiny tributaries which combine to create this burn. Interestingly, this confluence is considered to be the origin for the Wick River, one of several two primary watercourses in Caithness.
The positioning of this Camster cairns, plus the proof for earlier in the day task, provides fat for this argument.
When I mentioned previously, the cairns are situated in general isolation, with which has no access that is visual the areas of Caithness. This is demonstrably an act that is deliberate the part of the cairn builders, created maybe to regulate and purchase perceptions associated with encountered world. Had the builders chosen to make their monuments in the terrace directly above also to the western regarding the site that is actual engagements with all the landscape and normal elements could have been significantly various. Right right Here, Loch Camster is found in a location of flat heather moorland, from where you will find substantial views on the north 50 % of Caithness, with views of Warth Hill and Hoy into the north, Spittal Hill, Beinn Freiceadain and Ben Dorrery to your western, and eastwards towards the Hill of Yarrows. The builders of the Camster cairns appear to have been relating to a very specific cosmological scheme that revolves around the significance of the Camster Burn by disregarding physical features in the landscape that are prominent in the vistas from many other chambered cairns in Caithness.
The development of pre-cairn task dating to your earliest Neolithic regarding the ridge below Camster Long points to why the website ended up being selected for monumental construction, but, why did that one location attract task to begin with? In practical terms the ridge provides a location of elevated ground from where you will find good views over the surrounding flat terrace, though there are many other glacial undulations within the vicinity that will have served this purpose similarly well. The ridge on that the cairn is sited is nevertheless, the place that is best within the landscape to see the southern end associated with the burn, additionally the confluence areas.
I would suggest that this confluence additionally the subsequent journey associated with river through the landscape might have been seen as a medium that is symbolic which cosmologies and life cycles had been expressed.
The water that flows with this source travels from the upland area, through the most fertile tracts of land in Caithness also to the ocean. You are able why these various ecological areas showcased within the regular motions regarding the nomadic communities, and had been exploited with regards to their resources that are natural. The positioning of Camster, in a upland area, consequently, alongside the interpretation of this pre-cairn burning and flint working as proof of short-term settlement, (Masters 1997, Wickham-Jones 1997) shows so it may indeed are a spot for gatherings or periodic visits of these regular rounds (Edmonds 1999b). The event of the gatherings stays a secret, but as Mark Edmonds (1999a) points down The need for water as a supply of fertility so that as a real estate agent of change wouldn’t normally have already been lost on individuals in the time”. By seeking the ridge being a focus of activity and cairn building, consequently, the Neolithic populations might have been drawing on notions of purity and fertility often caused by a river supply, to make sure success within the coming season.
Because of the construction for the chambered cairns, the connection between your Neolithic populations plus the river probably will have shifted from an increased exposure of fertility to spotlight regeneration and rebirth. When I discussed earlier in the day, the construction of chambered cairns is thought to own been from the development of an ancestral whole. Positioning the cairns over the supply of the Camster Burn, consequently, the Neolithic populations may actually are drawing in the ability of water to cleanse and transform the human body (Richards 1996), to allow the transition from specific to ancestor. It is suggested this just tentatively, once the proof for burial is restricted through the Camster cairns, nonetheless, i actually do believe such functions might have been more symbolic than real.